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Rove Beetles

General Facts

Rove beetles are the largest family of beetles in North America. They are nocturnal, so detecting infestations can be difficult. The pests are active in warm months and hibernate in the winter. As rove beetles eat other small insects, they are typically considered beneficial. Nonetheless, home infestations can be problematic.

Appearance / Identification

As adults, rove beetles are typically smaller than 2 cm in length. Commonly, they are black or brown with slender bodies and short front wings. Homeowners can distinguish these pests from other beetles by the way they angle their abdomens upward when they run or are startled.

Habitat

Primarily, rove beetles nest in decaying organic matter and soil. They also hide under leaf litter, debris, rocks, and plants. In homes, the pests can be found in basements.

Diet

Rove beetles feed on small insects found on crops and dead animals.

Life Cycle / Reproduction

The life cycle of rove beetles consists of four stages: eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults. The eggs are laid in decaying matter and soil before hatching. Rove beetles develop rapidly and adults live for long periods of time.

Problems Caused by Rove Beetles

Rove beetles are unsightly when they gather in homes. Additionally, they may bite when handled.

Detection / Signs of Infestation

Homeowners should search for rove beetle infestations under plants and trash bins indoors or rocks and vegetation outdoors. As the insects move quickly, individuals might only catch glimpses of them.

Prevention Tips

To prevent rove beetles, remove any decaying matter near homes. Homeowners can also reduce the pests’ access by sealing any cracks or openings around windows and doors.

Control / Removal

Control infestations in houses by vacuuming up rove beetles immediately after detection. To effectively remove large populations, contact your local pest control expert.