- Colour Dark brown to black
- Size From 2 mm to 5 mm long
- Also known as Furniture carpet beetles, varied carpet beetles and black carpet beetles.
- Description All varieties of carpet beetle are oval in shape, with chewing mouthparts, and very short clubbed antennae.
Carpet beetles belong to the family Dermestidae, which derives from the Greek word for skin. As such, the main source of food for the family of beetles consists of dried animal and plant matter with high protein content, like carcasses. Carpet beetles can thrive in a variety of environments, but areas with low humidity serve the needs of developing eggs best. Consequently, most types of carpet beetles are common across Canada, the Northern United States, and Europe. The most invasive and abundant Canadian carpet beetles include the black carpet beetle (Attagenus unicolor), the Furniture carpet beetle (Anthrenus flavipes), and the varied carpet beetle (Anthrenus verbasci).
Most adult carpet beetles range from 2 mm to 5 mm in length, with very short clubbed antennae and chewing mouthparts. Carpet beetles in general are oval in shape and appear dark brown to black in colour. The furniture and varied carpet beetles also bear unique, coloured scales specific to the type. White and yellow scales cover the thorax and body in distinct patterns on furniture carpet beetles. Additionally, orange and red scales run down the midline of the beetles. Varied carpet beetles feature irregular patterns of white, brown, and dark-yellow scales, which fade to solid black or brown as the insect ages.
The shape and size of carpet beetle larvae varies depending on species. However, most are elongated with varying degrees of tuft of hairs on the body. Colour ranges from dark brown to light brown. Black carpet beetle larvae are covered with short, stiff hairs and have a bristle-like tail, and the varied larvae are covered with dense tufts, which extend upright as a natural defense.
Generally, carpet beetle larvae prefer dark and secluded places. The insect often burrows in bird nests and other organic materials, such as trees and animal carcasses, when outside. Air ducts, collected lint, dry dog food, wool, and stored grains or spices often serve as both food sources and shelters while larvae grow indoors. Black and common carpet beetles do not fare as well in higher temperatures and are more prominent in Europe, the Northern United States, and Canada. While varied carpet beetles thrive further south, any place with warm buildings suits the insect. Adult carpet beetles prefer sunlight and populate gardens or other plant-heavy locations.
Carpet beetles undergo complete metamorphosis with four distinct stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Females lay eggs directly on or near larval food sources, such as carpets, furs, wool, spider webs, animal carcasses, leather, and other protein-containing materials. Though timespans vary based on the type of carpet beetle and the temperature, the eggs hatch within an average of two weeks. The duration of the larval stage also depends on the type of carpet beetle species and temperature. Common carpet beetle larvae take between two and three months to reach pupation, varied carpet beetle larvae may need up to two years, and black carpet beetle larvae develop in the larval stage for six months to just under a year. Pupation for the beetles lasts around one to two weeks, and then adults live for an average of two months.
Signs of Infestation
Though carpet beetles cause the most damage during the larval stage, the first and most apparent sign of infestation is adult beetles on windowsills. Similar to moths, larvae can be detected by irregular holes found in carpets, fabric, and the like. However, carpet beetles tend to eat a single, large area of a fabric whereas moths create tiny holes all over garments. Additionally, carpet beetle larvae leave cast skins while molting, which may cause allergic reactions and dermatitis in some highly sensitive individuals.
Adult carpet beetles are often carried into houses via plants and flowers, so regularly checking gardens and flora around homes and buildings may eliminate the risk of infestation. Cleaning out collections of lint, hair, dead insects, and other debris by vacuuming helps remove the food sources of larvae and may also kill any beetles already nesting in carpets. Checking window screens, doors, and vents for durability and removing spider webs, dead animals in vents and attics, and various nests inside and around buildings are effective deterrents, as well. Additionally, homeowners benefit from frequent cleanings of rugs, draperies, upholstered furniture, closets, and stored fabrics. If serious carpet beetle infestation occurs, calling a qualified pest professional is recommended.
Why do I have carpet beetles?
Adult carpet beetles prefer to be in the open air, but are often carried into homes on plants or flowers. They like to lay their eggs in carpets, furs, wool, leather, birds' nests, spider webs, and animal carcasses, all of which may be found in or near your home.
When these eggs then hatch into larvae, they seek out dark, dry, secluded places, like air ducts, collected lint, dry dog food, wool, and stored grains or spices.
These serve both as shelter and food for the larvae until they pupate and become fully grown carpet beetles, which can take anything from weeks to years, depending on the species.
How worried should I be about carpet beetles?
Carpet beetle larvae can leave irregular holes in carpets and fabric, and eating through whole chunks of wool, silk, feathers, and leather.
The bristly hairs found on carpet beetle larvae can cause skin irritation. Meanwhile, when they molt, their dead skin can cause allergic reactions and dermatitis in sensitive individuals.
Once you spot adult carpet beetles around your windows, it is usually a sign there are eggs or larvae hidden somewhere in your home – and it's time to call professional pest control.
How can I prevent carpet beetles invading?
Regularly check surrounding plants for beetles, Vacuum out lint, hair, dead insects, and other debris, Check window screens, doors, and vents for durability, Remove spider webs, dead animals, and birds' nests, Frequently clean rugs, drapes, furniture, closets, and fabrics
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