Birds

Identification

  • Colour Some of the most common bird colourations include shades of grey, white, black, and brown. Pigeons may appear with streaks of light blue, green, lilac, peach, and various other shades.
  • Size The smallest pest bird species, house sparrows, are approximately 14 cm to 18 cm long with a wingspan of 19 cm to 25 cm. At the other end of the spectrum, Canadian geese boast a wingspan as long as 182 cm and range from 90 to 120 cm in length.
  • Description Six types of birds found in Canada can be classified as nuisance pests: house sparrows, starlings, pigeons, woodpeckers, gulls, and Canada geese
Birds

General Facts

Where do they live?

Some bird species build nests and raise their young in elevated areas, while others nest on the ground. Birds prefer to be near water, but will fly reasonable distances to collect food. Most species adapt well to various surroundings.

Bird life cycle

All birds mate and rear their young in spring and summer, producing one or two broods each year. House sparrows, however, can produce as many as five generations annually. Most birds require an incubation period of two weeks, though the eggs of both Canadian geese and gulls need nearly a month of incubation. Newly hatched birds then leave the nest after an average of two to four weeks of preening. Depending on a variety of factors, nuisance birds typically live between two and 10 years.

Why do I have birds?

Pest birds are looking for food and shelter. They are prone to nesting in, on, and around hospitals, office buildings, apartment complexes, and other manmade structures. Birds generally eat fruits, seeds, grains, and insects, but many species living near people also feed on human food like bread, popcorn, peanuts, cake, and restaurant waste. In rural areas, pest birds feed on crops and livestock feed. Some species have very particular tastes. Gulls are attracted to fish, rodents, and carrion, while Canadian geese seek out plants like cattails, clover, and grass.

How worried should I be about birds?

Pest birds can carry parasites like fleas, mites, and ticks, and transmit diseases to humans and livestock. Pigeon excrement often contains the fungal diseases histoplasmosis and cryptococcosis, which are especially dangerous to people with compromised immune systems. Many bird species are noisy and can damage buildings and equipment. Not only are pest bird droppings unsightly, they can stick to buildings, potentially eroding the structure. Pest birds can also create drainage issues and fire hazards by nesting in the small crevices, drains, and gutters of buildings. Many bird species are also aggressive towards humans or native bird populations. However, dealing with pest birds can be difficult, due to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which protects certain species from trapping and relocation practices. Any attempt to remove a pest bird must also comply with the Fish & Wildlife Act. While netting, spike strips, noise devices, and visual scare tactics may be valid options, often only a professional, licensed pest control service can meet the regulatory standards required when it comes to removing and keeping away pest birds.

How can I prevent birds invading?

Monitor water accumulating at likely nesting sites, Fix any broken or deficient drainage systems, Cover outdoor garbage containers tightly, Eliminate any notable sources of food

Types of Birds

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