Snakes

Identification

  • Colour Varies between species
  • Size Varies between species
  • Description All snakes have scaly bodies, lidless eyes, and the ability to dislocate their jaws in order to swallow large prey.
  • Notes They navigate by constantly flicking out their tongues to taste the air, and some species can even sense the infrared heat.

General Facts

Why do I have snakes?

There are approximately 26 species of snakes in Canada, including garter snakes, water snakes, rat snakes, and milk snakes, living in forests, prairies, deserts, marshes, and near freshwater lakes and ponds. Most snakes live in underground burrows, but some species live in trees or lead semi-aquatic live. Snakes feed on small animals like rodents, fish, frogs, and insects. Some species eat their prey alive, others paralyze it with venom or strangle it with their bodies first. However, snakes will go wherever there is food. Places with existing rodent or insect infestations make promising homes.

How worried should I be about snakes?

Snakes are generally beneficial, eating pest insects and rodents, but can attack and bite humans and pets when provoked, which can cause extreme pain and even death. Venomous snake species found in Canada are the Massasauga, Northern Pacific Rattlesnake, Night snake, and Prairie Rattlesnake. If bitten by any of these, you must seek medical attention. Young children playing outside in the summertime are generally at highest risk of a snakebite. Even a non-venomous snake bite can become infected and lead to illness. Snakes are dangerous and in some cases, protected. To remove them requires specialist expertise and the right precautions. For this reason, it is essential to get the help of a professional pest control service to eradicate snakes.

How can I prevent snakes invading?

Remove potential burrowing sites, Reduce available food sources, Clean up brush piles in the yard, Trim back overgrown shrubs, Keep lawns mowed to a short height, Eradicate any rodent infestations

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