- Colour Yellow to light brown, queens are reddish colour
- Size Workers are 2 mm long, queens are 4 mm long
- Description Pharaoh ants are very tiny ants that have 2 nodes between the thorax and the abdomen ; they are easily confused with thief ants however their antennae have 12 segments in total and it ends in a 3 segmented club.
Why do I have pharaoh ants?
Pharaoh ants colonize warm, humid areas indoors, near drains, pipes, or wiring and are often seen in heated buildings during colder months, seeking shelter and food.
They typically build nests in wall voids, books, sheets of paper, behind baseboards and refrigerators, and in clothing, but can also nest between linen sheets, inside electrical switch boxes, and in wounds under soiled bandages.
Pharaoh ants will infest almost every area where food is available, travelling along electrical wires and plumbing and dispersing throughout buildings and even entire blocks.
How worried should I be about pharaoh ants?
Pharaoh ants are a nuisance to homeowners, congregating on foods and dishes left unattended, and causing some structural damage during nest building.
However, they have become a serious pest in hospitals, rest homes, condominiums, apartment dwellings, office buildings, motels and hotels, grocery stores, factories, commercial bakeries, food establishments and other buildings.
Pharaoh ants are particularly dangerous in hospitals, because they can carry and transmit many diseases, such as salmonella, staphylococcus, and clostridium, which may cause botulism.
However, pharaoh ants are tough to eradicate because their colonies have multiple queens that reproduce quickly, then spread the colony by budding – leaving to set up nearby colonies.
A single colony may contain as many as 2,500 workers, but the close proximity of multiple other colonies can give the illusion of a single, large, supercolony. Multiple queens can spread colonies throughout a home or business in a relatively short amount of time.
The budding process makes control difficult, because infestation sources can be harder to locate. Even if one nest is dealt with, another one nearby can continue growing the infestation.
Inadequate control methods can exacerbate the problem by enticing queens to further branch out within a structure and build even more nests, spreading the infestation. As soon as you see pharaoh ants on your property, you need to call professional pest control services.
How can I prevent pharaoh ants invading?
Clean up any spills and messes in dining areas, Rotate stored food items, first in – first out, Keep food preparation areas and floors clear of crumbs, Make sure your trash cans have tight-fitting lids
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